The ACCC’s monitoring report on the bulk grain ports for the 2020-21 shipping year has found that new grain export ports achieved their highest market share of Australian grain exports, reducing the market share of long established incumbent ports.

This Bulk Grains Port monitoring report is the first time that the ACCC has released a ‘data update’ report ahead of stakeholder consultation. The report identifies that the 2020-21 shipping year resulted in record volumes of bulk grain exports, arising from the second largest grain harvest since the ACCC began collecting grains data in 2011.

“The 2020-21 season presented a good opportunity to test both the effectiveness of new and competing ports, and the impact of reduced regulation on these markets, which has been implemented over the past few years,” ACCC Deputy Chair Mick Keogh said.

“The data shows the new facilities are opening up opportunities for growers and exporters, and the ACCC welcomes industry feedback on whether these developments are sustainable or are a response by exporters to constraints associated with existing facilities or limits to the overall effectiveness of the Wheat Ports Code.” 

The report demonstrates that exporter market shares changed at a number of facilities in 2020-21, and that on average only five exporters used each port, compared to eight in 2011-12, despite a near-record production of grain.

“Despite a record year for bulk grain exports, the data shows a decline in the average number of exporters per port, while at the same time a growing number of new and smaller port facilities are increasing exports,” Mr Keogh said.

This has meant significant changes over the past few years, with two of the three major port terminal service providers, Viterra and GrainCorp, beginning to lose market share to the growing number of the new bulk grain port terminal facilities across Australia. The other major provider, CBH, continues to provide the vast majority of services in Western Australia.

“The ACCC is particularly interested in looking at whether the increased use of new port facilities is a result of the large harvest, the economic efficiency of these facilities, or the difficulty securing access to the incumbent ports,” Mr Keogh said.

“These are important considerations which will inform the ACCC’s assessment of the value of granted exemptions and the long term need for the Code.”

An industry update report which includes feedback from growers, exporters, and port terminal service providers is due to be released in early 2022.


The bulk grain ports monitoring report, now in its sixth year, examines data on the nature and concentration of export activity across Australia’s bulk grain port terminals. This is the first time the ACCC has published a data update report, having previously combined export data analysis and findings from industry consultation.  The ACCC’s report assesses the level of competition at both exempt and non-exempt facilities. Exempt port terminal service providers are not required to comply with certain provisions of the code.

The ACCC monitors and enforces compliance with the Port Terminal Access (Bulk Wheat) Code of Conduct which regulates the conduct of port terminal service providers to ensure that exporters of bulk wheat have fair and transparent access to port terminal services