In October 2002 the Prime Minister announced that the ACCC would monitor medical indemnity premiums to assess whether they are actuarially and commercially justified.

Medical indemnity insurance is a form of liability insurance that indemnifies medical practitioners for financial loss arising from actions brought against them as a result of the performance of their professional duties.

Claims against medical practitioners relate to personal injury and death, and are lodged against a medical practitioner as a result of a breach, or perceived breach, of a given standard of care in the treatment of a patient.