Growth in passenger numbers continuing to drive airport profits and need for new investment

30 April 2013

The Australian Competition and Consumer Commission has released its annual Airport Monitoring Report for 2011-12 calling for increased investment to avoid excessive congestion in the future.

The ACCC is required to report annually on the performance of Adelaide, Brisbane, Melbourne, Perth and Sydney Airports.

"The 2011-12 report shows that monitored airports continued to be profitable but the overall quality of service was lower at all airports compared with the previous year," ACCC Chairman Rod Sims said.

A combination of strong domestic demand from fly in fly out passengers, increased international passengers and higher average prices for some services contributed to higher aeronautical revenues at all monitored airports, except for Adelaide.

Overall ratings for the quality of service at each of the monitored airports decreased in 2011-12. For the first time since 2007-08 no airport achieved an overall rating of at least 'good'.

"It is apparent that continued growth in passenger numbers at most airports is placing pressure on existing aeronautical infrastructure, contributing to lower service standards. More investment is required to avoid excessive congestion, and ensure that the needs of Australia's travellers can be adequately accommodated," Mr Sims said.

In this year's report, the ACCC has outlined evidence of congestion which in the absence of additional investment may lead to possible capacity constraints in the future. For example, over the past ten years, there has been a falling trend in the proportion of flight movements that are "on-time".

"Overall, Sydney Airport is perhaps of greatest concern given the pattern of price and earnings increases, lower service standards and low investment levels compared with other airports," Mr Sims said.

Further details of results of this year's monitoring for each airport and historical statistical tables are attached.

Background

The Australian Competition and Consumer Commission has submitted its annual monitoring report on the performance of Adelaide, Brisbane, Melbourne, Perth and Sydney Airports for 2011-12 to the Assistant Treasurer, the Hon David Bradbury MP. This report provides information on monitored airports including:

  • price changes for services provided to airlines (aeronautical charges such as aircraft landing and parking charges) and to consumers (car parking charges)
  • revenues, costs and profits, and
  • quality of service indicators derived from airlines, passengers and border agencies' qualitative surveys and other indicators from quantitative measures.

The 2011 Productivity Commission (PC) inquiry into the economic regulation of airport services found that four of the five monitored airports retain sufficient market power to be of policy concern. In 2012, following the PC inquiry, the Australian Government directed the ACCC to monitor the performance of the four largest airports until 2020. The 2011-12 report is the last to include Adelaide Airport.

Sydney Airport

The main demand driver at Sydney Airport during 2011-12 were international passengers which increased by 3.6 per cent while domestic travellers fell 1.7 per cent. Average prices and margins increased. While some passenger survey ratings improved, overall rating for quality of service fell in 2011-12, mainly reflecting lower airline ratings for airside services and facilities - airlines' ratings for quality of service fell from "satisfactory" to "poor" in 2011‑12. Sydney Airport has been consistently rated lowest among the monitored airports for overall quality of service since 2006‑07. Sydney Airport remains the airport with:

  • the highest aeronautical revenue per passenger and the highest aeronautical margin per passenger
  • highest car parking revenue per car park space and margin per car park space
  • the lowest ranking for overall quality of service.

Brisbane Airport

Domestic and international passenger numbers rose solidly at Brisbane Airport contributing to an overall increase in passenger throughput of 4.6 per cent during 2011-12. Average prices and margins increased while ratings for overall quality of service fell relative to 2010-11. While Brisbane Airport remains the airport with the highest ranking for overall quality of service among monitored airports, in 2011-12 airlines lowered their rating of runway availability from "good" to "poor".

Perth Airport

Passenger numbers rose strongly during 2011-12: domestic passenger numbers increased 20 per cent while international passengers were 7 per cent higher. On average, prices and margins fell at Perth Airport. The rating for overall quality of service fell also in 2011-12. Airline ratings for the international terminal and airside services and facilities both decreased within the category of "poor".

Melbourne Airport

Increases in international passengers were the main demand driver at Melbourne Airport during 2011-12: international passenger numbers increased by 7.6 per cent while domestic numbers fell 2.0 per cent. Average prices increased but average margins fell in 2011-12. While Melbourne Airport's overall quality of service ratings fell, some airline ratings increased slightly compared to 2010-11. Melbourne Airport continues to be the airport with:

  • the highest level of car parking revenues
  • the highest proportion of total revenues from car parking activities
  • the third highest rating for overall quality of service.

Adelaide Airport

The cessation of Tiger Airways and industrial disputes at Qantas contributed to Adelaide Airport recording decreases in passenger numbers, average revenues and average margins during 2011-12. Adelaide Airport's overall quality of service ratings continued to be rated the second highest of all monitored airports. This is the last year that Adelaide Airport will be monitored by the ACCC.

A guide to the ACCC's airport monitoring report and the full report will be available from the ACCC's website.

Tables 1 to 8 provide selected key indicators, financial data and quality of service indicators for all monitored airports.

Table 1 Key indicators for the monitored airports for 2011-12

Airport

Passenger numbers


(million)

Total aeronautical revenue

($million)

Aeronautical revenue per passenger

($)

Aeronautical operating margin per passenger ($)

Return on aeronautical assets

(%)

Overall rating for quality of service (out of 5)

Adelaide

7.1

78.1

11.01

4.53

7.6

3.87

Brisbane

21.2

212.4

10.02

4.47

6.8

3.92

Melbourne

28.4

243.6

8.58

3.38

10.1

3.44

Perth

13.3

118.0

8.86

3.12

11.3

3.36

Sydney

36.3

543.5

14.96

7.33

10.5

3.33

Table 2 Percentage change in key indicators from 2010-11 to 2011-12

Airport

Passenger numbers

Total aeronautical revenue

Aeronautical revenue per passenger

Aeronautical operating margin per passenger

Return on aeronautical assets

Overall rating for quality of service

Adelaide

▼ 4.0%

▼ 9.3%

▼ 5.5%

▼ 14.8%

▼ 2.6pp

▼ 1.5%

Brisbane

▲ 4.6%

▲ 7.0%

▲ 2.2%

▲ 9.2%

▲ 0.6pp

▼ 7.1%

Melbourne

▲ 0.2%

▲ 5.0%

▲ 4.8%

▼ 9.9%

▼ 2.2pp

▼ 7.6%

Perth

▲ 16.3%

▲ 14.5%

▼ 1.6%

▼ 12.5%

▼ 1.9pp

▼ 8.7%

Sydney

▲ 0.1%

▲ 3.6%

▲ 3.5%

▲ 6.4%

▲ 0.9pp

▼ 9.0%

Note: pp = percentage points

Table 3 Car parking prices as at 30 June 2012[1]

Airport

Short-term car parking

Long-term car parking

1 hour

3 hours

8 hours

24 hours

1 day

7 days

Adelaide

$4.00

$11.00

$26.00

$30.00

$25.00

$70.00

Brisbane

$14.00

$22.00

$50.00

$50.00

$40.00

$140.00

Melbourne

$12.00

$28.00

$55.00

$55.00

$29.00

$77.00

Perth

$6.00

$10.20

$15.20

$38.00

$17.00

$93.00

Sydney

$16.00

$29.00

$56.00

$56.00

$26.00

$127.00

Table 4 Percentage change in car parking prices from 30 June 2011 to 30 June 2012

Airport

Short-term car parking

Long-term car parking

1 hour

3 hours

8 hours

24 hours

1 day

7 days

Adelaide

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

Brisbane

▲ 7.7%

0.0%

▲ 25.0%

▲ 25.0%

0.0%

0.0%

Melbourne

0.0%

0.0%

▲ 5.8%

▲ 5.8%

0.0%

0.0%

Perth

▲ 7.1%

▲ 2.0%

▲ 1.3%

▲ 5.6%

▲ 6.3%

▲ 5.7%

Sydney

▲ 6.7%

▲ 11.5%

▲ 7.7%

▲ 7.7%

▲ 4.0%

▲ 4.1%

Table 5 Key car park indicators for the monitored airports for 2011-12

Airport

Total airport car parking revenue


($million)

Total airport car parking operating margin

($million)

Total airport car parking spaces

Airport car parking revenue per car park space

($)

Airport car parking margin per car park space

Airport car parking revenue as % of total airport revenue
(%)

Adelaide

14.0

9.5

3 002

4 673

3 179

9.7

Brisbane

60.9

37.9

12 862

4 738

2 944

12.5

Melbourne

114.7

86.4

21 924

5 231

3 942

20.0

Perth

50.6

34.2

15 626

3 239

2 187

7.0

Sydney

100.4

69.4

13 116

7 654

5 290

10.0

Table 6 Percentage change in key indicators from 2010-11 to 2011-12

Airport

Total airport car parking revenue


($million)

Total airport car parking operating margin

($million)

Total airport car parking spaces

Airport car parking revenue per car park space

($)

Airport car parking margin per car park space

Airport car parking revenue as % of total airport revenue
(%)

Adelaide

▼ 4.9%

▼ 10.0%

▲ 0.1%

▼ 5.0%

▼ 10.1%

▲ 0.5pp

Brisbane

▲ 1.4%

▼ 11.8%

▲ 31.7%

▼ 23.0%

▼ 33.0%

▼ 0.6pp

Melbourne

▲ 0.05%

▼ 0.6%

▼ 2.2%

▲ 2.3%

▲ 1.6%

▼ 1.0pp

Perth

▲ 23.2%

▲ 24.3%

▲ 7.4%

▲ 14.7%

▲ 15.8%

▼ 6.9pp

Sydney

▲ 2.5%

▲ 0.4%

▲ 6.9%

▼ 4.1%

▼ 6.1%

▼ 0.2pp

Table 7 Investments in tangible aeronautical non-current assets – 2001-02 to 2011-12 ($M)

$M

2001-02

2002-03

2003-04

2004-05

2005-06

2006-07

2007-08

2008-09

2009-10

2010-11

2011-12

Adelaide

2.5

4.4

49.8

135.1

25.3

1.8

3.8

3.1

4.4

38.1

59.9

Brisbane

19.0

16.0

8.7

19.9

32.5

92.5

247.6

199.1

150.9

63.2

155.9

Melbourne

29.0

22.5

19.7

70.6

42.2

60.6

83.7

161.0

136.7

103.4

155.8

Perth

2.0

6.7

7.1

27.6

10.7

15.8

28.4

47.4

45.3

69.7

75.6

Sydney

12.6

151.1

49.2

46.3

124.4

161.6

83.9

345.3

227.1

65.0

100.2

Table 8 Investments as proportions of tangible aeronautical non-current assets – 2001-02 to 2011-12 (%)

2001-02

%

2002-03

%

2003-04

%

2004-05

%

2005-06

%

2006-07

%

2007-08

%

2008-09

%

2009-10

%

2010-11

%

2011-12

%

Adelaide

1.9

3.4

28.3

32.8

6.3

0.5

1.0

0.8

1.2

9.5

13.4

Brisbane

3.3

2.8

1.5

2.2

3.5

9.1

19.5

14.2

11.4

4.7

10.8

Melbourne

6.8

5.3

4.7

14.9

8.5

11.3

14.1

22.1

16.4

11.5

15.5

Perth

2.3

7.7

4.0

14.1

5.9

8.4

13.8

19.4

16.2

20.6

19.0

Sydney

0.8

9.2

3.0

2.9

5.6

7.0

3.6

13.5

8.6

2.5

4.0

Footnote

[1] Brisbane, Perth and Sydney airports' short-term and long-term car parking prices are based on the domestic terminal car park at each airport. Melbourne Airport's long-term car parking prices are based on the long-term uncovered car park located at distance from the terminal precinct.

Release number: 
NR 94/13
Media enquiries: 
Mr Duncan Harrod - (02) 6243 1108 or 0408 995 408

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